The Constructivism Art movement was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia in 1919. The movement was in favor of art as practice for social purposes. This movement influenced other major trends such as Bauhaus and De Stijl. The movement had a major influence over Architecture, Graphic Design, Industrial design, Theatre, Film, dance and some extent towards music. The Construction Art was used by Kazimir Malevich to describe the work of Alexander Rodchenko in 1917 who I did a research study in a previous blog post. Constructivism properly first appears in positive terms in Naum Gabo’s Realistic Manifesto of 1920 and was also a post World-War One development of Russian Futurism. The term itself was invented by sculptors Antoine Pevsner and Naum Gabo. These sculptors developed an industrial, angular style of work, while its geometric abstraction was similar to Suprematism of Kazimir Malevich.
Constructivism was also the start of graphic design as many Constructivists worked on the design of posters for everything from cinema posters to political propaganda posters and other media. These movie posters were represented by brightly colored geometric posters of the Stenberg Brothers (Georgii and Vladimir Stenberg), and the political propaganda media’s were done through photomontages by Gustav Klutis and Valentina Kulagina.
The Stenberg Brothers were Russian born artists and designers who during their prime time during revolutionary period of politics and artistic experimentation in Russia, they and other graphic designers assembled images like portions of photographs and then reprinted them.
The three images below are a small sample of their work but from what I saw, I liked but if I was to recreate this style i’d like to put a more modern look on it and get rid of the olden times feeling which I think is made through the textures mostly. their work mostly consists of bright colors such as yellows and reds along with the typical whites and blacks, but he does use other colors as well like greens and blues but just not as often. They also tended to work with geometric shapes, for example the pages in the first and third poster are split up using triangles and rectangles and in a lot of his other posters he separates the pages with other shapes like circles and quadrilaterals to represent certain objects such as buildings, floors, rooms and in one case a holes.
Because these are movie posters, their purpose was to get people’s attention and they’ve done this through their use of colors and through the boldness of the shapes and lines they used. The contrast in the different shades of blacks and colors is also quite high which adds to the boldness of it all. Overall I like their work because of the way they compose the page and because of their use of colours but if I were to recreate their style I would get rid of the old feel/texture and more influencing textures to make it more interesting. I’d also change the color palate as I don’t think reds and yellows would work well with any of the icons that’ll be using so i’d definitely use less fluorescent colors.